How to Build a Chicken Tractor with Wheels

How to Build a Chicken Tractor with Wheels

Imagine being able to move your chickens from one area of your yard to another without any hassle. With a chicken tractor equipped with wheels, this is now possible! In this article, you will learn how to build your own chicken tractor with wheels, providing your feathered friends with fresh grazing areas while keeping them safe and secure. Whether you’re a seasoned farmer or a backyard chicken enthusiast, this DIY project is sure to be a game-changer in the way you manage your flock. So, grab your tools and get ready to create a mobile paradise for your chickens!

How to Build a Chicken Tractor with Wheels

If you’re considering raising chickens, a chicken tractor with wheels can be a fantastic addition to your backyard. Not only will it provide your feathered friends with a safe and secure home, but it also offers the added benefit of mobility. This comprehensive guide will walk you through step by step on how to build your own chicken tractor with wheels, ensuring that your chickens have a comfortable and predator-proof environment. Let’s get started!

Materials needed

Before delving into the construction process, it’s essential to gather all the necessary materials. Here is a list of what you’ll need to build your chicken tractor:

  • Wood
  • Wire mesh
  • Chicken wire
  • Nails
  • Screws
  • Hinges
  • Wheel axle
  • Caster wheels
  • Chicken coop hardware

Having these materials ready will ensure a smooth and efficient construction process.

Choosing the right design

When it comes to designing your chicken tractor, there are a few factors to consider. By taking the following aspects into account, you can tailor the design to best suit your needs.

Determining the size

The size of your chicken tractor will depend on the number of chickens you plan to house. Be sure to allow enough space for them to move around comfortably, as cramped quarters can lead to stress and health issues.

Deciding on the shape

Chicken tractors come in various shapes, including rectangular, A-frame, and hoop designs. Each shape has its own advantages, so choose one that aligns with your preferences and available space.

Considering access points

Having easy access to the interior of the chicken tractor is crucial for cleaning and collecting eggs. Incorporating doors and removable panels will make your maintenance tasks much more manageable.

Thinking about mobility

The primary benefit of a chicken tractor with wheels is its mobility. Consider how you will move the tractor around your yard, whether it be by pushing or using a towing mechanism. This will help determine the placement and size of the wheels.

How to Build a Chicken Tractor with Wheels

Building the frame

Once you’ve settled on a design, it’s time to start building the frame of your chicken tractor. Follow these steps to create a sturdy and reliable structure:

Cutting the wood

Measure and mark the wood according to your desired dimensions. Taking your time during this step will ensure accurate cuts and a well-fitted frame.

Assembling the base

Start by constructing the base of the chicken tractor, using the cut wood pieces. Make sure the corners are square and secure the pieces together using nails or screws.

Adding support beams

To reinforce the structure, add support beams at regular intervals along the base of the chicken tractor. This will prevent any sagging or bending when it’s time to move the tractor.

Securing the corners

To provide extra stability, reinforce the corners of the frame by adding additional pieces of wood at a 45-degree angle. This will prevent the structure from becoming wobbly when it is lifted or moved.

Attaching the wheels

Adding wheels to your chicken tractor allows for easy mobility, making it simpler to relocate the coop around your yard. Here’s how you can attach the wheels:

Measuring and marking the axle position

Determine the ideal position for the axle by considering the size and weight of your chicken tractor. Measure and mark the corresponding spots on each side of the base.

Pre-drilling holes for the axle

To ensure a secure attachment, pre-drill holes at the marked positions. These holes will allow the axle to be inserted firmly into the base of the chicken tractor.

Inserting the axle

Carefully insert the axle into the pre-drilled holes, ensuring that it is centered and level. Secure it in place by adding screws or bolts, guaranteeing a tight fit.

Attaching the wheels

Connect the caster wheels to each end of the axle, ensuring that they are properly aligned. Make sure they can rotate freely, allowing for smooth movement of the chicken tractor.

How to Build a Chicken Tractor with Wheels

Creating the chicken coop

Now that the frame and wheels are in place, it’s time to create the chicken coop itself. Follow these steps to construct a safe and comfortable home for your chickens:

Building the walls

Using the remaining wood and the dimensions you’ve chosen, construct the walls of the chicken coop. Secure them to the frame using nails or screws, ensuring they fit snugly.

Adding the door

Incorporate a door into one side of the chicken tractor, allowing easy access for cleaning and tending to your chickens. Install hinges to ensure smooth opening and closing.

Installing the chicken wire

To keep your chickens safe from predators, cover the walls and door of the chicken tractor with wire mesh or chicken wire. Attach it securely, leaving no gaps for potential invaders to enter.

Attaching the roof

Complete the chicken coop by installing a roof. Use additional pieces of wood or a durable roofing material to protect the chickens from the elements.

Ensuring predator protection

Keeping your chickens safe from predators is paramount. Follow these steps to fortify your chicken tractor against potential threats:

Burying the bottom edges

Dig a trench around the perimeter of the chicken tractor and bury the bottom edges to prevent predators from digging their way inside. Ensure the wire mesh is securely fastened to the frame and extends below ground level.

Adding a skirt or apron

Attach a skirt or apron made of wire mesh or chicken wire around the base of the chicken tractor. Extend it outwards to deter predators from burrowing underneath.

Securing the top and sides

Inspect the chicken tractor for any gaps or openings and seal them securely. Pay particular attention to the junctions between the walls, roof, and door, as these areas are more susceptible to potential intruders.

Using predator-proof materials

Using strong and durable materials when constructing your chicken tractor is crucial. Choose wire mesh and chicken wire that predators cannot easily penetrate, ensuring your chickens remain safe and secure.

How to Build a Chicken Tractor with Wheels

Improving the comfort

To ensure your chickens are comfortable and happy in their new home, make these additions to the chicken tractor:

Adding roosting perches

Install roosting perches for your chickens to rest on comfortably. Place them at varying heights to accommodate different preferences.

Installing laying boxes

Incorporate nesting or laying boxes within the chicken tractor for your hens to lay their eggs. These boxes should be easily accessible for egg collection.

Incorporating ventilation

To provide fresh air circulation, add vents or windows to the walls of the chicken tractor. This will help regulate the temperature and keep your chickens healthy.

Creating a removable floor

Design the floor of the chicken tractor with a removable panel, allowing for easy cleaning and maintenance. This will ensure a clean and sanitary environment for your chickens.

Finishing touches

To complete your chicken tractor build, pay attention to these final details:

Sanding and sealing the wood

Smooth out any rough edges or splinters by sanding the wood surfaces. Seal the wood using an outdoor wood sealant to protect against weathering and prolong its lifespan.

Painting or staining the tractor

Add a personal touch to your chicken tractor by painting it with non-toxic outdoor paint or staining it for a natural finish. Remember to choose colors that blend well with your backyard environment.

Adding handles or grips

Make the chicken tractor easier to maneuver by adding handles or grips to each side. This will provide a comfortable grip when pushing or towing the coop.

Attaching a lockable latch

Ensure the security of your chickens by attaching a lockable latch to the chicken tractor door. This will prevent predators from opening the door and gaining access to your flock.

How to Build a Chicken Tractor with Wheels

Tips for easier construction

To make the construction process smoother and more efficient, consider applying these tips:

Use pre-cut wood pieces

If you prefer to save time and effort, opt for pre-cut wood pieces available at many home improvement stores. These pieces are often already measured and cut to various dimensions, making assembly quicker and easier.

Invest in a nail gun

A nail gun can significantly speed up the process of securing the wood pieces together. It eliminates the need for manual hammering and ensures a tight and secure connection.

Properly measure and mark materials

Accurate measurements and markings are essential for a well-built chicken tractor. Double-check your measurements before making any cuts or attaching pieces together to avoid any costly mistakes.

Seek assistance for heavy lifting

Some components of the chicken tractor, such as the frame or roof, can be heavy and require assistance during installation. Don’t hesitate to ask for help to ensure your safety and the integrity of the structure.


Building a chicken tractor with wheels is a rewarding and practical project for anyone interested in raising chickens. Not only does it provide a safe and secure environment for your flock, but it also offers the freedom to move the coop around your yard, allowing your chickens access to fresh food and forage. By following this comprehensive guide, you’ll be able to construct a chicken tractor that meets your chickens’ needs while providing you with peace of mind. Enjoy the benefits of a happy and healthy flock with your newly constructed chicken tractor!


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